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Category: Essays

Download E-books Trois essais sur la théorie de la sexualité PDF

Le présent ouvrage est le texte définitif écrit par Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) et publié en 1923.

C'est avec l. a. parution de cet ouvrage en 1905 que Freud healthy scandale et se rendit impopulaire dans l'Europe entière. L'idée d'une sexualité childish avait, il est vrai, de quoi choquer son époque. Elle renversait l. a. représentation commune de l'innocence sexuelle de l'enfant, et plus profondément encore, l. a. notion naturaliste qui fait de los angeles sexualité l'expression d'un intuition de copy n'apparaissant qu'avec los angeles puberté. Non, soutient Freud, le désir sexuel (ou libido) ne relève pas d'une fonction physiologique. Il s'élabore psychiquement au cours de l'histoire individuelle qui débute dès les premiers plaisirs de l'enfance, liés à l'allaitement. C'est dans cet ouvrage que Freud formule pour l. a. première fois sa théorie des pulsions. C'est donc à double titre que les Trois essais sur los angeles théorie sexuelle constituent un événement : ils représentent une étape décisive dans le cheminement théorique de Freud et un tournant dans l'histoire de notre tradition et de notre représentation de l'enfance.

Sommaire :

1. Les aberrations sexuelles.

2. l. a. sexualité infantile.

3. Les changes de l. a. puberté.

Extrait :

"Pour expliquer les besoins sexuels de l’homme et de l’animal, on se sert, en biologie, de l’hypothèse qu’il existe une « pulsion sexuelle » ; de même que pour expliquer l. a. faim, on believe l. a. pulsion de foodstuff. Toutefois, le langage populaire ne connaît pas de terme qui, pour le besoin sexuel, corresponde au mot faim ; le langage scientifique se sert du terme : « libido »2.

L’opinion populaire se forme certaines idées arrêtées sur l. a. nature et les caractères de los angeles pulsion sexuelle. Ainsi, il est convenu de dire que cette pulsion manque à l’enfance, qu’elle se constitue au second de los angeles puberté, et en rapport étroit avec les processus qui mènent à l. a. maturité, qu’elle se manifeste sous los angeles forme d’une charm irrésistible exercée par l’un des sexes sur l’autre, et que son yet serait l’union sexuelle, ou du moins un ensemble d’actes qui tendent à ce but.

Nous avons toutes les raisons de croire que cette description ne rend que très imparfaitement l. a. réalité. Si on l’analyse de près, on y découvre une foule d’erreurs, des inexactitudes et des jugements précipités.

Commençons par fixer deux termes. los angeles personne qui exerce un attrait sexuel sera désignée comme objet sexuel, et l’acte auquel pousse los angeles pulsion sera nommé yet sexuel. L’expérience scientifique nous prouve qu’il existe de nombreuses déviations family members tantôt à l’objet, tantôt au yet sexuel, et il nous faudra chercher à approfondir les rapports qui existent entre ces déviations et ce qu’on estime être l’état de choses normal."

Une desk des matières dynamique permet d'accéder directement aux différents chapitres pour faciliter l. a. lecture de l'ouvrage.

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Download E-books In Praise of Poetry PDF

At an early age, Olga Sedakova all started writing poetry and, by way of the Seventies, had joined up with different participants of Russia's underground "second tradition" to create a colourful literary movement—one that was once at odds with the political powers that be. This clash avoided Sedakova's books from being released within the U.S.S.R. as a substitute, they have been categorised as being too "esoteric," "religious," and "bookish." until eventually 1990, the single means her collections have been to be had in Russian have been in samizdat, hand-written copies, which circulated from reader to reader, development her reputation.

In the Nineteen Nineties, the placement replaced dramatically, and now Sedakova has released twenty-seven volumes of verse, prose, translations, and scholarly research—although her paintings is woefully underrepresented in English translation.

In compliment of Poetry is a different advent to her oeuvre, bringing jointly a memoir-essay written approximately her paintings, and poetic works: "Tristan and Isolde," that's considered one of her such a lot mysterious lengthy poems, and "Old Songs," a chain of deceptively uncomplicated poems that blend folks and Biblical wisdom.

Olga Sedakova wrote prolifically in the course of the Seventies, one of many "post-Brodsky" poets. Her complicated, allusive sort of poetry—generally classified as neo-modernist or meta-realism—didn't healthy the prescribed authentic aesthetics, so it wasn't to be had till the overdue Eighties. She at present teaches within the division of worldwide tradition at Moscow kingdom University.

Caroline Clark is a British poet and essayist. She holds levels from the colleges of Sussex and Exeter, and her dissertation used to be at the poetics of Osip Mandelstam and Paul Celan.

Ksenia Golubovich is a Russian author, philologist, editor, and translator residing in Moscow. She has held a writer's residency on the Iowa overseas Writing application, and writes for the Novaya Gazeta newspaper in Moscow.

Stephanie Sandler teaches Russian literature within the Slavic division at Harvard collage. She co-translated Elena Fanailova's The Russian Version, which gained the easiest Translated booklet Award for poetry in 2010.

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Download E-books A propos des chefs-d'oeuvre PDF

By Charles Dantzig

« Chef-d'œuvre. » Quand ce très vieux mot du Moyen Âge utilisé pour l'artisanat a-t-il commencé à être appliqué à los angeles littérature ? Y a-t-il un critère du chef-d'œuvre littéraire ? Mieux, une recette ? remark être sûr qu'un livre est un chef-d'œuvre ? Un chef-d'œuvre est-il éternel ? los angeles postérité est-elle le bon juge ? Crée-t-on encore des chefs-d'œuvre aujourd'hui ? remark définir le chef-d'œuvre ?

C'est à toutes ces questions que tente de répondre ce livre. Parcourant les grands livres, de Homère à Heine et de Boccace à Beckett, il suggest une examine inattendue de l'œuvre de James Joyce aussi bien que des considérations sur ce que l'on peut penser des Aristochats de Walt Disney. Charles Dantzig montre encore une fois que l'on peut associer le brillant et los angeles réflexion, los angeles virtuosité et l. a. profondeur, l'érudition et l'esprit.

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Download E-books Desert Notes and River Notes PDF

Two of Lopez’s collections of brief fiction in a single exhilarating and profoundly attractive volume 
To nationwide ebook Award–winning writer Barry Lopez, the wasteland and the river are landscapes alive with poetry, secret, seduction, and attraction. In those works of fiction, the narrator responds viscerally and emotionally to their moods and alterations, their secrets and techniques and silences, and their distinctive power.
 
Desert Notes portrays the magical energy of an American wilderness, and the reflections it sparks within the characters who shuttle there. River Notes, a better half piece, celebrates the wild lifestyles forces of a river, calling readers to imagine deeply on identification and concerning the hopefulness in their onward trips, with a lyrical selection of thoughts, tales, and desires. From an evocative story of discovering a sizzling spring in a barren region to a meditation at the ideas and desires of herons, Lopez bargains spell binding tales that permit us to work out and suppose the rhythms of the desert. those sojourns carry readers a particular feel of the darkness, mild, and unravel that we come upon inside ourselves while clear of home.
 
This e-book positive aspects an illustrated biography of Barry Lopez together with infrequent photos and never-before-seen records from the author’s own collection.

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Download E-books Scotland Is Not for the Squeamish PDF

By Bill Watkins

In his moment paintings in a trilogy concerning the Celtic identification, Watkins mingles poetry, heritage, and track with tall and precise stories of his adventures within the Scottish Highlands. even if shanghaied on a boat to the Arctic Circle, looking for gold within the mountains, sinking a docked barge, capturing the breeze with ghosts at a pub, or bedazzling pals with druid magic, Watkins retains readers on their feet as he dances us via his days and nights as a tender guy discovering his method during the international. From the roaring seas to the verdant Scottish nation-state, Watkins tackles his rugged environs with reliable humor and smarts in this final trip of maturation and self-discovery.
Bill Watkins is the writer of the publication experience best-seller A Celtic Childhood. Watkins was once born in Birminghamin 1950 right into a Welsh/Irish relatives. either one of his mom and dad have been conventional singers. He discovered to play the tin whistle, guitar, banjo, mandolin, and mess around as a formative years, and has been acting ever on account that. As a tender guy he made his residing on frieght and fishing ships. Watkins has received a number of awards for his poetry, and has contributed various articles to Private Eye, a satirical journal within the U.K., and the Glasgow Herald.

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Download E-books When the Facts Change: Essays, 1995-2010 PDF

By Tony Judt

A nice thinker’s ultimate testomony: a commonly clever and forthright number of essays spanning a occupation of extraordinary intellectual engagement
 
In an age within which the inability of self sustaining public intellectuals has frequently been sorely lamented, Tony Judt performed an extraordinary and important function, bringing jointly heritage and present occasions, Europe and the United States, the realm because it used to be and because it is with what it may be. In When the evidence Change, Tony Judt’s widow and fellow historian Jennifer Homans has assembled a necessary choice of Judt’s most crucial and influential items written within the final fifteen years of his lifestyles, while he chanced on his voice within the public sphere. those seminal essays mirror the complete diversity of Judt’s matters, together with Europe as an idea and actually; Israel, the Holocaust, and the Jews; American hyperpower and the realm after September 11; and problems with social inclusion and social justice in a time of accelerating inequality.

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Download E-books The Mother Tongue - English And How It Got That Way PDF

By Bill Bryson

With wonderful wit and dazzling perception, invoice Bryson—the acclaimed writer of The misplaced Continent—brilliantly explores the notable heritage, eccentricities, resilience and sheer enjoyable of the English language. From the 1st descent of the larynx into the throat (why you could speak yet your puppy can't), to the wonderful misplaced artwork of swearing, Bryson tells the attention-grabbing, usually uproarious tale of an insufficient, second-rate tongue of peasants that constructed into one of many world's biggest development industries.

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Download E-books The Tao of Travel: Enlightenments from Lives on the Road PDF

By Paul Theroux

“A publication to be plundered and raided.” — New York instances publication Review

“A portal right into a global of undying go back and forth literature curated by means of one of many maximum commute writers of our day.” — USA Today

Paul Theroux celebrates fifty years of wandering the globe during this selection of the easiest writing from the books that experience formed him as a reader and a tourist. half philosophical consultant, half miscellany, half memory, The Tao of commute contains excerpts from the easiest of Theroux’s personal paintings interspersed with decisions from tourists either conventional and unexpected:

Vladimir Nabokov         Eudora Welty
Evelyn Waugh          James Baldwin
Charles Dickens         Pico Iyer
Henry David Thoreau         Anton Chekhov
Mark Twain         John McPhee
Freya Stark         Ernest Hemingway
Graham Greene         and plenty of others

“Dazzling . . . Like a person panning for gold, Theroux reread hundreds of thousands of go back and forth classics and smooth works, shaking out the nuggets.” — San Francisco Chronicle

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