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By Bertolt Brecht, Eric Bentley

Few authors have had one of these dramatic impact as Bertolt Brecht. His paintings has helped to form a new release of writers, theatergoers, and thinkers. His performs are studied all over the world as texts that modified the face of theater.

The Caucasian Chalk Circle is a parable encouraged by way of the chinese language play Chalk Circle. Written on the shut of worldwide battle II, the tale is determined within the Caucasus Mountains of Georgia. It retells the story of King Solomon and a baby claimed by way of and fought over through moms. yet this chalk circle is metaphorically drawn round a society misdirected in its priorities. Brecht's statements approximately category are cloaked within the innocence of a myth that whispers insistently to the audience.

No translations of Brecht's paintings are as trustworthy and compelling as Eric Bentley's. those models are generally seen because the common renderings of Brecht's paintings, making sure that destiny generations of readers will are available shut touch with the paintings of a playwright who brought a brand new state of mind concerning the theater.

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A nasty? The c i t y used to be i n fl a m e s . I n the j u dge's scat s a t-Azd a ok . I n e v i ta b l y , nece s s a r i l y . a j u dge i n the s o c i e ty d e pi c te d i n The Caucasian Chalk Circle m u st assi g n a ch i l d t o i ts act u a l m o t he r . I n t h a t p ropos i t i o n , t h e l a w of p ri v a t e prop­ M o t h er N a t u re p ri v a t e p ro p e r t y a rc ert y see m s to rece i ve t he sanction of self, t ha t is to claim : the vendors of h e r­ capable to appe a l to n a t u re w i t h o u t con sci o u s i ro n y . this type of n eve n t , An Un-Ame riean Ch alk Circle? 1 35 I despite the fact that. wou l d provide B recht at top a short e pilogue to half one . What g i ves h i m a moment half to h i s play, and one that permits h i m within the e nd to select up the unfastened ends left by way of the Prologue , i s th on the j u dge i s Azdak, and that Azd a okay is a ridicule ok i n g . an Abbot of U n cause, a Lord of Misrule, who introduces .. a quick Golden Age , al such a lot an age of j u st ice . " The r e i g n o f Zeus [says F . M . C o r n ford] stood i n the Greek brain for t h e e x i s t i n g m o r a l a n d soc i a l o r d e r : i ts overt h row, which i s t h e topic o f such a lot of of the c o m e d i e s , m i gh t be tak e n to s y m b o l i s e . . . the breaki n g u p o f a l l o rd i n a r y restrai nts, or a ga i n . . . the res toration o f the Golden A ge of J us t i c e and Lov i n g ok i n d ness, t h a t Age o f ok ro nos w h i c h l i n gered in the imagi n a t i o n of poets , l i ke t h e after-glow of a s u n that had s e t under the h o rizon o f the Age of I r o n . The s e a s o n a l fes t i v a l s of a Satu r n a l i a n c h a r a c t e r c e l e brated t h e re t u r n , for a short i n ter­ regn u m . o f a p r i m i t i ve i n nocence that knew n o t s h a m e , a n d a l i berty t h a t a t a n y o t h e r t i m e w o u l d h a v e b e e n l i c e n t i o us . S o c i a l r a n ok s w e r e i nverted, the s l ave e x e rc i s i n g a u t h o r i t y over the m a s t e r . At Rome each one family grew to become a m i n i a t ure rep u b l i c , t h e s l a\·es bei n g i n vested w i t h t h e d i g n i t i es o f o ffi c e . a ridicule okay i n g w a s c h o s e n to undergo r u l e d u r i n g t h e fes t i v a l , l i ke the medi aeval Abbot of U n cause or Lord of one\ I i s ru l e . � yet i n this situation h ow is the play any d i fferent from the Prologu e, other than within the te m po ra ri ness of Azdak's p roject? Actu best friend, its tem porariness i s of a bit with its p recari­ ousness, its freak i shness, its skittishness, its semi-accidental caliber. in basic terms with a slightly of i ro manhattan can one �ay that Azdak establi shes a Golden Age or eve n that h e i s a great j u dge . The age rem a i ns faraway from Golde n , and h i s judging i s ofte n outrageous adequate . B u t h i s extraord i nary outrages name o u r atte ntion t o the ord i n a ry outrage s o f ordi nary t i mes-to the truth that out rage is ord i n a ry, is the u su a l factor, and th at we a rc stunned. no longer through i nj u stice pe r se , b u t in basic terms by means of injustice that favors the poo r and the we a ok .

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