By John M. Owen
Political Islam has usually been in comparison to ideological events of the prior akin to fascism or Christian theocracy. yet are such analogies legitimate? How may still the Western global this day reply to the demanding situations of political Islam? Taking an unique method of solution this question, Confronting Political Islam compares Islamism's fight with secularism to different lengthy ideological clashes in Western historical past. through studying the prior conflicts that experience torn Europe and the Americas--and how they've been supported via underground networks, fomented radicalism and revolution, and caused overseas interventions and foreign conflicts--John Owen attracts six significant classes to illustrate that a lot of what we predict approximately political Islam is incorrect.
Owen makes a speciality of the origins and dynamics of twentieth-century struggles between Communism, Fascism, and liberal democracy; the overdue eighteenth- and nineteenth-century contests among monarchism and republicanism; and the 16th- and seventeenth-century wars of faith among Catholics, Lutherans, Calvinists, and others. Owen then applies rules discovered from the successes and errors of governments in the course of those conflicts to the modern debates embroiling the center East. He concludes that ideological struggles last more than most folk presume; ideologies aren't monolithic; international interventions are the norm; a country could be either rational and ideological; an ideology wins while states that exemplify it outperform different states throughout a variety of measures; and the ideology that wins could be a surprise.
Looking on the background of the Western global itself and the fraught questions over how societies can be ordered, Confronting Political Islam upends a number of the traditional knowledge in regards to the present upheavals within the Muslim world.
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Additional resources for Confronting Political Islam: Six Lessons from the West's Past
Desk three. 1. overseas interventions and realignments in Europe, 1945–50 resource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1997). a. Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union broke with one another in 1948. a real Outsider: A Muslim Superpower and Europe’s Warring Christians, 16th and 17th Centuries Neither the 1790s nor the Forties captures a very important function of the Islamist-secularist fight this day, and specifically the stake that outsiders have in that fight. In these ancient situations, the geopolitical powers that intervened so usually in different nations’ household ideological battles have been a great deal ideological insiders. France exemplified the republicanism that it sought to unfold. The Soviet Union exemplified communism, and the U.S., democratic capitalism. but if it involves the center East this day, the United States—as good because the remainder of the West, India, Russia, China, and different open air powers—are actually outsiders, within the cultural and ideological experience. the continued legitimacy situation in Muslim societies is ready Muslim societies—societies whose majority perform Islam. Radical Islamist terrorism is still a probability to American existence and estate, yet Islamism isn't any hazard to the yank constitutional order. The U. S. inhabitants is barely approximately 1 percentage Muslim. That determine will most likely upward push to at least one. 7 percentage through 2030, yet even 1. 7 percentage is a tiny minority. forty though the fears of a few, Sharia isn't really coming to the United States. forty-one moreover, even though the insistence of others, conservative Christians will not be joined with Islamists in a few type of “religious foreign. ” For years americans were debating the correct relation of church to country, with a “religious correct” pitted opposed to a “secular left. ”42 yet neither aspect seeks to alter the yankee regime in any basic feel. either side settle for the U. S. Constitution’s First modification prohibition of the institution of faith and warrantly of the loose workout thereof. the yankee spiritual correct and center japanese Islamists might percentage lawsuits approximately secularism and decadence, yet “Christianists” and Islamists don't shape a world political move; certainly, conservative Christians are one of the such a lot anti-Islamic of usa citizens. A victory for Islamism (or secularism) within the heart East wouldn't have an effect on the tradition wars within the usa. forty three heritage does kindly supply us at the very least one instance of a quarter present process ideological strife and a really outdoor energy with fabric stakes within the final result of that strife. the instance is ironic. within the Europe of 5 hundred years in the past, it was once the Christian global that was once torn through ideological strife and the Muslim global that had a reliable ruling regime—the Ottoman Empire. dependent in Europe’s outer edge, in what's now Turkey, the Ottoman Empire was once typically said to be the caliphate or common Islamic empire. And simply because the usa at the present time has severe fabric pursuits in components of the center East, really the oil-rich center East, the Muslim superpower 5 centuries in the past had critical safety and financial stakes within the Mediterranean Sea and Southeastern Europe.