By Parag Khanna
From the visionary bestselling writer of The moment international and the way to Run the area comes a bracing and authoritative advisor to a destiny formed much less through nationwide borders than by way of international offer chains, a global within which the main hooked up powers—and people—will win.
Connectivity is the main innovative strength of the twenty-first century. Mankind is reengineering the planet, making an investment as much as ten trillion funds in keeping with yr in transportation, strength, and communications infrastructure linking the world’s burgeoning megacities jointly. This has profound results for geopolitics, economics, demographics, the surroundings, and social identification. Connectivity, no longer geography, is our destiny.
In Connectography, visionary strategist Parag Khanna travels from Ukraine to Iran, Mongolia to North Korea, Pakistan to Nigeria, and around the Arctic Circle and the South China Sea to give an explanation for the quick and exceptional alterations affecting every thing of the planet. He exhibits how militaries are deployed to guard provide chains up to borders, and the way international locations are much less at struggle over territory than engaged in tugs-of-war over pipelines, railways, delivery lanes, and web cables. the recent hands race is to connect with the main markets—a race China is now successful, having introduced a wave of infrastructure investments to unite Eurasia round its new Silk Roads. the us can in simple terms regain floor by way of fusing with its buddies right into a super-continental North American Union of shared assets and prosperity.
Connectography deals a different and hopeful imaginative and prescient for the long run. Khanna argues that new strength discoveries and applied sciences have eradicated the necessity for source wars; bold delivery corridors and tool grids are unscrambling Africa’s fraught colonial borders; even the Arab international is evolving a extra peaceable map because it builds source and exchange routes throughout its war-torn panorama. even as, thriving hubs comparable to Singapore and Dubai are injecting dynamism into younger and seriously populated areas, cyber-communities empower trade throughout large distances, and the world’s ballooning monetary resources are being properly invested into construction an inclusive international society. underneath the chaos of a global that looks to be falling aside is a brand new origin of connectivity pulling it together.
Praise for Connectography
“Incredible . . . With the area quickly altering and urbanizing, [Khanna’s] proposals will be find out how to confront a greatly diverse future.”—The Washington Post
“Clear and coherent . . . a well-researched account of the way businesses are weaving ever extra complex provide chains that pull the area jointly at the same time they squeeze out inefficiencies. . . . [He] has succeeded in demonstrating that the forces of globalization are winning.”—Adrian Woolridge, The Wall highway Journal
“Bold . . . With a watch for brilliant information, Khanna has . . . produced an enticing geopolitical travelogue.”—Foreign Affairs
“For those that worry that the area is changing into too inward-looking, Connectography is a clean, confident vision.”—The Economist
“Connectivity has turn into a uncomplicated human correct, and provides all people in the world the chance to supply for his or her family members and give a contribution to our shared destiny. Connectography charts the way forward for this hooked up world.”—Marc Andreessen, normal associate, Andreessen Horowitz
“Khanna’s scholarship and foresight are world-class. A must-read for the subsequent president.”—Chuck Hagel, former U.S. secretary of defense
Read or Download Connectography: Mapping the Future of Global Civilization PDF
Similar International Relations books
Post yr word: First released in 2004
"We, the unfastened, face a frightening chance. past generations may possibly in simple terms dream of a loose global. Now we will be able to start to make it. "
In his welcome substitute to the rampant pessimism approximately Euro-American relatives, award-winning historian Timothy Garton Ash stocks an inspiring imaginative and prescient for the way the us and Europe can collaborate to advertise a loose world.
At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the West has plunged into obstacle. Europe attempts to outline itself against the USA, and the United States more and more regards Europe as difficult and beside the point. what's to develop into of what we used to name "the unfastened world"? half background, half manifesto, unfastened international bargains either a scintillating evaluate of our present geopolitical problem and a very important argument for the way forward for liberty and the shared values of the West.
The previous 5 years have witnessed a resurgence of regionalism in international politics. previous regionalist firms were revived, new enterprises shaped, and regionalism and the decision for bolstered regionalist preparations were critical to some of the debates in regards to the nature of the post-Cold struggle overseas order.
The overall consensus between philosophers is that using torture isn't justified. In Terrorism, Ticking Time-Bombs, and Torture, Fritz Allhoff demonstrates the weak point of the case opposed to torture; whereas permitting that torture constitutes an ethical unsuitable, he however argues that, in extraordinary instances, it represents the lesser of 2 evils.
Within the poorest nations, corresponding to Afghanistan, Haiti, and Mali, the USA has struggled to paintings with governments whose corruption and shortage of ability are more and more visible to be the reason for instability and poverty. the improvement and protection groups demand "good governance" to enhance the guideline of legislation, democratic responsibility, and the supply of public items and providers.
Additional info for Connectography: Mapping the Future of Global Civilization
With a San Francisco–Los Angeles–San Diego high-speed rail, California’s Pacific Coast would really turn into the western counterpart to the northeastern hall. Elon Musk’s Tesla has proposed an ultra-high-speed “Hyperloop” tunnel process for this direction. ) And the Dallas–Fort worthy Metroplex, the most important city cluster within the American South, homes giants akin to Exxon, AT&T, and American airways in an financial system higher than South Africa’s and is really development a high-speed rail (well, merely one hundred twenty kilometers consistent with hour) referred to as the Trans-Texas hall which could finally expand to the oil capital Houston in response to plans rolled out in 2014 through Texas principal Railway and the bullet-train operator significant Japan Railway. As populations, wealth, and ability focus in worldwide towns, they steadily supersede international locations because the world’s key gravitational facilities. towns this present day are ranked via their impact in international networks, no longer through their territorial possessions. international towns amass finance and expertise, range and vibrancy, and seamless connectivity to transforming into numbers in their opposite numbers. As Christopher Chase-Dunn has mentioned, it isn't inhabitants or territorial dimension that drives world-city prestige yet fiscal weight, proximity to zones of progress, political balance, and acceptance for international capital. In different phrases, connectivity issues greater than size—and much more than sovereignty. big apple, Dubai, and Hong Kong should not nationwide capitals, yet they rank within the best 5 towns on this planet by way of the flows passing via them. Demographic and financial weight supplies towns better policy-making leverage, permits them to maneuver for larger autonomy, and allows their direct diplomacy—what I name “diplomacity”—with different towns. nice and hooked up towns, Saskia Sassen argues, belong as a lot to international networks as to the rustic in their political geography. they're disembedded assemblages of circuits; the extra they belong to, the extra resilient they're as they reconfigure their infrastructure and reallocate assets in accordance with worldwide styles. this day the world’s best twenty richest towns have cast a super-circuit pushed via capital, expertise, and providers: they're domestic to greater than seventy five percentage of the biggest businesses, which in flip put money into increasing throughout these towns and including extra to extend the intercity community. certainly, worldwide towns have cast a league in their personal, in lots of methods as denationalized as formulation One racing groups, drawing expertise from world wide and collecting capital to spend on themselves whereas they compete at the related circuit. the increase of rising marketplace megacities as magnets for neighborhood wealth and ability has been the main major contributor to transferring the world’s point of interest of monetary task. McKinsey international Institute examine means that from now till 2025 one-third of worldwide progress will come from the most important Western capitals and rising marketplace megacities, one-third from the seriously populous middleweight towns of rising markets, and one-third from small towns and rural parts in constructing international locations.