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Download E-books Danish: An Essential Grammar (Routledge Essential Grammars) PDF

Danish: an important Grammar is a reference advisor to crucial features of present Danish because it is utilized by local speakers.

It offers a clean and obtainable description of the language, concentrating on these components of Danish that pose specific difficulties for English audio system yet even as delivering a huge common account of the language.

The Grammar is the appropriate resource of reference for the learner of Danish within the early and heart phases. it really is compatible for self sufficient examine or for college kids in faculties, faculties, universities and grownup sessions of all types.

This re-creation has been absolutely up to date to mirror adjustments in present language use and up to date cultural advancements. positive aspects include:

  • clear, jargon-free explanations
  • many tables and diagrams for additional clarity
  • separate thesaurus of linguistic and grammatical terms
  • detailed index with key Danish and English words

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2. four. four. 2 In a few idiomatic words De hører radio. Bodil spiller klaver/violin. Mor læser avis. Hun er datter af en præst. They hearken to the radio. Bodil performs the piano/violin. mom is interpreting the paper. She is the daughter of a vicar. 2. four. four. three With right nouns Vi spiste frokost hos Jensens. We had lunch on the Jensens’. 2. four. five Article use – no article in Danish, indefinite article in English 2. four. five. 1 With nouns denoting nationality, career, faith or political views forty two Marie er dansker/læge/katolik/socialist. Marie is a Dane/a doctor/a Catholic/a Socialist. Hun arbejder som læge. /Hun læser til lærer. She is operating as a physician. /She is learning to develop into a instructor. Articles 2. four. five. 2 If the noun is certified by means of an attributive adjective or a relative clause, the indefinite article needs to be extra Hun er en dygtig læge. She is a talented health professional. Han er en dansker, der elsker god mad. he's a Dane who loves stable nutrients. 2. four. 6 Article use – finish article in Danish, possessive pronoun in English With nouns denoting elements of the physique and garments the place ownership is apparent, Danish prefers the top article to the possessive pronoun: Jeg har ondt i armen/benet/hånden/maven. i've got a soreness in my arm/leg/hand/stomach. Erik stak hånden i lommen. Erik placed his hand in his pocket. forty three Chapter three Adjectives three. 1 Adjectives in define Adjectives inflect in Danish. within the indefinite declension, they accept as true with the noun in gender (singular simply) and quantity (both attributively and predicatively). additionally they upload inflectional endings within the certain declension. The certain kinds are just used attributively. universal gender Neuter Plural en stor⊗ bil a huge motor vehicle et stort hus an immense residence shop biler/huse substantial cars/houses god⊗ mad reliable nutrition varmt vand sizzling water grønne træer eco-friendly bushes huset er stort the home is gigantic bilerne/husene er shop the cars/houses are giant den shop bil the massive motor vehicle det shop hus the massive condominium de shop biler/huse the massive cars/houses min shop bil my massive automobile mit shop hus my large condominium mine shop biler/huse my colossal cars/houses Attributive Indefinite types Predicative bilen er stor⊗ the auto is enormous sure types forty four 3. 2 Indefinite declension Indefinite declension three. 2. 1 Indefinite shape – commonplace three. 2. 1. 1 major rule Adjectives agreeing with universal gender nouns within the singular don't have any finishing (‘zero’ finishing, marked for comfort as ⊗), these agreeing with neuter singular nouns upload -t, and people agreeing with plural nouns upload -e: universal gender Neuter Plural 0 (⊗) +t +e en fin⊗ have an excellent backyard et fint hus an excellent residence advantageous haver/huse tremendous gardens/houses en rolig⊗ by way of a quiet city et roligt sted a quiet position rolige byer/steder quiet towns/places three. 2. 1. 2 Shortening the vowel word that a few monosyllabic adjectives with a protracted vowel + consonant within the universal gender shape shorten the vowel within the pronunciation of the neuter shape: god [go ð] – godt (gɔd] different examples of neuter types with a shortened vowel: dødt, lifeless; hvidt, white; fedt, fatty; fladt, flat; rødt, crimson; sødt, candy; vådt, rainy three.

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