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By Ahmed Rashid

The no 1 big apple occasions bestselling writer presents a surprising research of the drawback in Pakistan and the renewed radicalism threatening Afghanistan and the West.

Ahmed Rashid is “Pakistan’s top and bravest reporter” (Christopher Hitchens). His special wisdom of this immense and intricate sector permits him a breathtaking imaginative and prescient and nuance that no Western author can emulate.

His booklet Taliban first brought American readers to the brutal regime that hijacked Afghanistan and harbored the terrorist workforce answerable for the Sept. 11 assaults. Now, Rashid examines the sector and the corridors of strength in Washington and Europe to work out how the promised state construction in those nations has pro-gressed. His conclusions are devastating: An risky and nuclear-armed Pakistan, a renewed al’ Qaeda making the most of a booming opium alternate, and a Taliban resurgence and reconquest. whereas Iraq maintains to draw so much of yank media and armed forces may possibly, Rashid argues that Pakistan and Afghanistan are the place the clash will ultimately be performed out and that those failing states pose a graver danger to worldwide protection than the center East.

Benazir Bhutto’s assassination and the main issue in Pakistan are just the start. Rashid assesses what her demise capacity for the quarter and the long run. Rashid has extraordinary entry to the figures during this worldwide drama, and gives up to the moment research larger than a person else. Descent Into Chaos will do for valuable Asia what Thomas Rick’s Fiasco did for Iraq — provide a blistering critique of the Bush management and an impassioned name to right our failed process within the quarter.

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After supporting the ISI break out from Kunduz, Cheney took cost of all destiny dealings with Musharraf and the Pakistani military. extra blunders have been to keep on with. The Taliban who surrendered at Kunduz have been taken to Qala Jangi, the citadel of conflict, Dostum’s sizeable fort of mud-baked partitions outdoor Mazar, which appeared like the set for a Hollywood movie at the French overseas Legion. There they have been interrogated through a handful of CIA body of workers, who had them take a seat in lengthy rows within the large courtyard. On November 26, Arabs who had no longer been disarmed thoroughly staged a rebellion. They killed their Uzbek guards and a CIA officer, Johnny “Mike” Spann, who grew to become the 1st U. S. casualty of the struggle. ICRC officers operating contained in the compound clambered over the partitions to flee. Dostum despatched in seven hundred of his crack squaddies to quell the uprising whereas U. S. airplane dropped bombs into the courtyard. It took six days to subdue the uprising during which 230 prisoners and a hundred of Dostum’s top combatants have been killed. one of many survivors of the rebellion used to be John Walker Lindh, the so-called American Taliban, who had held out within the basement of the citadel. the various thousand surviving Taliban prisoners have been packed into box lorries—stuffed in like sardines, 250 or extra to a container—so that the prisoners’ knees have been opposed to their chests and there has been no air to respire shop for holes punched via by way of machine-gun bullets. The prisoners have been pushed to a prison in Dostum’s domestic city of Shiberghan. just a handful of individuals in all the thirty packing containers survived the journey—in one box merely 6 out of 220 survived, in response to UN officers. The lifeless have been taken out to the Dasht-e-Leili barren region and buried in large pits dug by way of a bulldozer. Dostum’s spokesmen insisted that just a handful of prisoners being affected by conflict wounds died. regardless of the presence of U. S. SOF within the quarter, what happened was once the main outrageous and brutal human rights violation of the whole warfare. Physicians for Human Rights later exposed the level of the atrocities via investigating the mass graves the place the asphyxiated prisoners have been buried, however the UN and the Afghan govt declined to hold out any research opposed to Dostum as the factor was once too delicate. Dostum was once to be promoted to raised posts in the Karzai management and used to be even allowed to face for president in 2004. Uzbek eyewitnesses who had given testimony, corresponding to the lorry drivers, mysteriously disappeared. Eyewitness money owed and video photos confirmed that U. S. specific Operations Forces have been found in Kunduz, and the Pentagon was once time and again requested why those U. S. squaddies didn't try and cease the loading of the prisoners into the packing containers. 22 CENTCOM refused to respond to any questions. Physicians for Human Rights despatched a duplicate in their report back to Donald Rumsfeld and normal Franks in February 2002, yet they bought no answer. It was once now not until eventually the U. S. journal Newsweek wrote a canopy tale in regards to the atrocities in August 2002 that Karzai, Brahimi, and Franks expressed aid for an research into the mass graves.

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