By Robert Spencer
Everything you idea you knew approximately Islam is set to change
This wonderful e-book uncovers provocative proof that forces us to invite: Did Muhammad, Islam’s founding prophet, even exist?
it's a query that few have thought—or dared—to ask. however the largely permitted tale of Islam’s origins starts off to disintegrate on shut examination.
In Did Muhammad Exist? bestselling writer Robert Spencer brings to early Islam an identical point of probing old feedback students have lengthy utilized to Christianity and Judaism. Meticulously studying old documents, archaeological findings, and pioneering new scholarship, Spencer demanding situations the main primary assumptions approximately Islam’s origins—raising questions with profound implications for our international today.
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Additional resources for Did Muhammad Exist?: An Inquiry Into Islam's Obscure Origins
Whilst the Messenger of Allah, might Allah bless him and supply him peace, died, it used to be what's now recited of the Qur'an. ”28 In one other model, whereas discussing “fosterage which (makes marriage) unlawful,” Aisha acknowledged: “There used to be published within the Holy Qur'an ten transparent sucklings, after which 5 transparent (sucklings). ”29 the following Aisha mentioned the Islamic doctrine that an single female and male may perhaps lawfully be on my own together—in, for instance, a office environment—only if she turns into his foster mom via suckling him a detailed variety of occasions. in response to Aisha's note in those hadiths, this doctrine was once initially within the Qur'an itself. one other hadith has Aisha ordering one in all her servants, Yunus, to put in writing out a duplicate of the Qur'an. She steered him: “When you succeed in this ayat [‘sign,’ or verse of the Qur'an] allow me understand, ‘Guard the prayers conscientiously and the center prayer and stand obedient to Allah’” (Qur'an 2:238). while Yunus reached that time, Aisha dictated an amended model of the verse to him: “Guard the prayers rigorously and the center prayer and the asr prayer [the ‘afternoon’ prayer] and stand obedient to Allah. ” Aisha defined: “I heard it from the Messenger of Allah, may possibly Allah bless him and provide him peace. ”30 symptoms that the textual content Has Been Altered Islamic culture doesn't give you the basically proof that adjustments have been made to the wording of the everlasting booklet of Allah. even though manuscript facts is scarce, on shut scrutiny the textual content of the Qur'an bargains telling symptoms that it's been altered. This facts makes it terribly not going that the textual content was once the manufactured from one guy, even if a ancient individual named Muhammad or another individual; particularly, it shows that the textual content has passed through huge revision, in step with the possibility that it used to be built through the years through a sequence of individuals. The pioneering Qur'anic pupil Richard Bell (1876–1952) heavily tested the Qur'anic textual content and pointed out various symptoms that the textual content have been replaced. loss of continuity and inherent contradictions are of the commonest symptoms. One curious passage Bell highlighted is available in a polemic opposed to the Jews and Christians (2:116–21): 116. they usually say, “God has taken to Him a son. ” Glory be to Him! Nay, to Him belongs all that's within the heavens and the earth; all obey His will— 117. The writer of the heavens and the earth; And while He decrees something, He yet says to it “Be,” and it really is. 118. and so they that recognize no longer say: “Why does God now not communicate to us? , Why does an indication no longer come to us? ” So spoke these earlier than them as those males say; their hearts are a lot alike. but we have now made transparent the symptoms unto a those who are definite. 119. we've despatched thee with the reality, stable tidings to undergo, and caution. Thou shalt now not be puzzled touching the population of Hell. a hundred and twenty. by no means will the Jews be chuffed with thee, neither the Christians, now not until thou followest their faith. Say: “God's assistance is the genuine counsel. ” If thou followest their caprices, after the data that has come to thee, thou shalt have opposed to God neither protector nor helper.