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Download E-books Europe or Africa?: A Contemporary Study of the Spanish North African Enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla PDF

By Peter Gold

Ceuta and Melilla are "enclaves" at the northern coast of Africa which have been Spanish for hundreds of years yet which are claimed by way of the dominion of Morocco. As an essential component of Spain the cities have additionally been a part of the territory of the ecu Union considering the fact that 1986. Their particular scenario has created substantial pressure within the courting (both political and financial) among Spain and Morocco. in addition to this dating, the e-book explains how the anomalous state of affairs of the enclaves impinges on matters corresponding to immigration from North and sub-Saharan Africa into the ecu, safety, alternate and the Spanish political scene in general.

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Manuel Céspedes, the govt. consultant, used to be not able to discard his former personality and took cost of the police operation. Having seemed ahead of the reading Justice of the Peace for Melilla, José María Treviño, 9 of these arrested (including 5 with Spanish nationality) have been detained in felony for sedition, an awfully over the top cost redolent of one other period of Spanish historical past and suggestive of a component of racial prejudice. Later they have been transferred to Almería, whereas the rest have been published on bail simply because there has been inadequate room within the felony. In protest on the arrests (which integrated the leaders of the Coordinating Committee of the Moroccan group of Melilla) a few 800 Muslim companies in Melilla closed on 2 February and the bulk 108 Europe or Africa? didn't reopen until eventually weeks later. Aomar Dudú and a few of his closest supporters have been additionally accused of sedition (which carried a greatest sentence of 30 years imprisonment) and of inciting an act of subversion and a warrant used to be issued for his or her arrest. 20 Sid Driss Abdelkader – one of many few Muslim leaders nonetheless at liberty – addressed a gathering of a couple of thousand humans on three February outdoor the most mosque in Melilla, and the assembly agreed to provide the general public Prosecutor 3 days to free up these detained (a cut-off date which got here and went), regardless of demands extra radical motion from a few of these current. the internal Ministry in Madrid accused Aomar Dudú of being chargeable for the new incidents, whereas Dudú himself blamed Manuel Céspedes and the police for undertaking a reign of terror. The Moroccan press had a box day, whereas the Spanish executive doubtless confident itself that those incidents proved that the matter of the enclaves was once principally considered one of legislation and order (which is the way it had perceived the problem all alongside) and one that will be addressed via integration and funding. no matter if that was once more likely to be the best method used to be, even though, open to question. Tensions inside Melilla have been elevated via the assertion on 6 February of the demise of Mohamed Hammu, a kind of wounded per week past (the first demise suggested by reason of clash among the 2 communities), including a press release issued by means of the 9 humans imprisoned in Almería who blamed Dudú for the unrest within the enclave. After the funeral the next day to come (involving the transportation of the physique to the Muslim cemetery at the Moroccan facet of the border), Dudú addressed the predicted crowd of 6,000 mourners, and regardless of his demands harmony, he accused either the non secular chief Sid Driss and the legal professional representing these imprisoned in Almería, Darío Fernández, of betrayal. He additionally accused the govt Representative’s place of work of issuing the assertion on behalf of the prisoners in an effort to blacken his identify. yet whereas these arrested have been in criminal and Dudú was once at liberty, it was once scarcely superb in the event that they have been severe of his management. It was once more and more obvious that with each passing day Dudú’s status as a spokesman for the Muslim neighborhood in Melilla used to be being eroded, particularly via Sid Driss Abdelkader (who held a press convention on nine February to safeguard himself and criticize Dudú) and the prisoners in Almería (who issued one other assertion a similar The 1985 Immigration legislation and group family members within the enclaves 109 day).

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