By Paul Horgan
Winner of either the Pulitzer Prize and Bancroft Prize for historical past, nice River used to be hailed as a literary masterpiece and enduring vintage whilst it first seemed in 1954. it really is an epic historical past of 4 civilizations—Native American, Spanish, Mexican, and Anglo-American—that humans the Southwest via ten centuries. With the ability of a novelist, the veracity of a student, and the affection of a long-time resident, Paul Horgan describes the Rio Grande, its position in human heritage, and the overlapping cultures that experience grown up along it or entered into clash over the land it traverses. Now in its fourth revised version, nice River is still a enormous a part of American old writing.
Read Online or Download Great River: The Rio Grande in North American History. Vol. 1, Indians and Spain. Vol. 2, Mexico and the United States. 2 vols. in one PDF
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Extra resources for Great River: The Rio Grande in North American History. Vol. 1, Indians and Spain. Vol. 2, Mexico and the United States. 2 vols. in one
Marching northward alongside the Conchos, 3 Spanish Franciscan friars, 9 infantrymen and 16 Mexican servants arrived on July 6, 1581, on the junction with the Rio Grande, which they referred to as the Guadalquivir, and likewise the Rio de Nuestra Señora de los angeles Conceptión. The founding father of this excursion used to be Fray Agustín Rodríguez. His squad of infantrymen was once commanded by means of Francisco Sánchez Chamuscado. They have been on their technique to convert the pueblos within the north. Guided through river dwellers they marched northwest following the valley, and grew to become with it northward, coming eventually one of the country of cities that Coronado had often called Tiguex. one of many friars, Juan de Santa Maria, who used to be an adept in astrology, there resolved to come to Mexico with reviews of what the get together had noticeable; and regardless of warnings of his comrades departed on my own for the south. the remainder of the corporate explored the land east of the river, passing via Pecos to the buffalo plains and returning; traveling the salines east of the Sandia and viewing the rosy stone city of Abo; and marching to the west previous Ácoma so far as Zuñi, the place a December blizzard compelled them again to the river. There the 2 different Franciscans declared they'd remain to evangelise the be aware of God. A handful of Indian servants elected to stick with them on the pueblo of Puaray, now not faraway from Coronado’s capital of Alcanfor. Chamuscado gave them a couple of goats, horses and articles of barter, and left them there. together with his lowered social gathering he went down the river retracing his path. He used to be sixty, an outdated guy, exhausted and ailing from his hardships. He by no means reached his domestic in Santa Barbara close to the headwaters of the Conchos, yet died a number of days’ trip from it. within the following yr one other small troop took an identical passage up the river. This occasion of 13 infantrymen and numerous Indian servants used to be commanded by means of a service provider of latest Spain, Antonio de Espéjo, who was once a fugitive from justice lower than cost of getting murdered one among his ranch arms. Its actual authority used to be its non secular chief, Fray Bernardino Beltrán. Their venture was once to convey reduction to the 2 friars who had remained the yr earlier than at Puaray, and to appear for the astrologer, Fray Juan de Santa María, who had by no means arrived in Mexico. approaching December nine, 1582, to the Rio Grande, which they known as the Rio del Norte, for the path of its resource, and the Rio Turbio, for its heavy move of dust, the warriors have been welcomed through those who greeted them with atypical, candy track, which they made with their mouths, and which gave the impression of the tones of flutes. alongside the river Espéjo stumbled on the reminiscence of Núñez Cabeza de Vaca who along with his one black and white partners was once nonetheless spoken of one of the little cities of willow switches, dust and straw above the junta de los rios. The river flowed in silence even in its higher passages. many of the population went bare with strings tied upon their prepuces. different peoples farther north have been absolutely clothed. the warriors proceeded up the river in December 1582, passing crosses that also stood because the yr ahead of.