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Download E-books Knowledge Triumphant: The Concept of Knowledge in Medieval Islam (Brill Classics in Islam, Volume 2) PDF

By Franz Rosenthal

In wisdom successful, Franz Rosenthal observes that the Islamic civilization is person who is basically characterised via wisdom ('ilm), for ''ilm is a type of ideas that experience ruled Islam and given Muslim civilization its specified form and complexion.

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Eight ff. On wisdom khashyah, one other observe for “fear,” which doesn't qualify as a distinct time period of mysticism, cf. above, p. one hundred forty, n. 1, and p. one hundred sixty five, n. 1. 109 Cf. Abû ”âlib al-Makkî, Qût, II, eight, ll. 15 f. one hundred ten Cf. as-Sulamî, ”abaqât, 404. 111 Cf. al-Qushayrî, Risâlah, fifty four, l. 6. 112 Cf. al-Qushayrî, Risâlah, 28, l. 18. 113 Cf. al-Qushayrî, Risâlah, 38, ll. 34 f. , it appears as al-Qushayrî’s own remark. 114 Cf. as-Sarrâj, Luma{, 386. the writer the following seems to be to stick to the Kitâb al-Wajd of Abû Sa{îd Ibn al-A{râbî (d. 341/953, cf. Sezgin, I, 660 f. ). one hundred fifteen Cf. as-Sarrâj, Luma{, 286 f. For al-Abharî’s feedback, cf. additionally as-Sulamî, ”abaqât, 394, II. eleven f. it can be famous that for Abû ”âlib al-Makkî, Qût, II, forty four, ll. 22 f. , the data that's exact with ˜aqîqah is the legal-religious wisdom ({ilm ash-shar{). 176 wisdom is mild Abû Yazîd al-Bis¢âmî, an excellent gulf separates mere wisdom from the ˜aqîqah of Divine truth: “He who seems at humans via (the eyes of ) wisdom hates them, yet he who appears to be like at them via (the eyes of ) real truth (the writer) exhibits mercy to them. ”116 in actual fact, excellent wisdom used to be not possible, as expressed by way of Abû {Alî ath-Thaqafî (d. 328/939–40) in a paraphrase of the maxim approximately God’s unknowability: “The finish and entelechy of information consist in giving up all desire of attaining the ground (kunh) of it. ”117 wisdom hence used to be no longer regularly accorded the top rank within the Âûfî canon of mystic traits, and it occasionally used to be mentioned a trouble at the method towards complete mystic adventure, however it used to be an idea that haunted Âûfîs of all descriptions through the complete heritage of ÂûÀsm. * * * The crucial predicament of Muslim mystics in regards to the concept that of {ilm involved one other point of the time period. It used to be the institution of ÂûÀsm in all its a number of manifestations as an {ilm, and the following the be aware is healthier translated as “science. ” certainly, ÂûÀsm constructed right into a “science” all its personal, a lot in order that al-Ghazzâlî used to be ultimately in a position to retain that the perspectives of many of the varieties of Muslim spiritual thinkers confirmed no actual distinction so far as sensible tools and methods (¢arîq al{amal ) have been involved, yet there has been a true and demanding distinction among the theoretical tools (¢uruq al-{ilm) of ÂûÀsm as special from these of the speculative theologians and the philosophers. 118 In different phrases, ÂûÀsm had develop into a “science” in its personal correct. starting with the early 9th century, if now not past, Âûfîs confirmed a determined wish to determine what they have been trying to do as an {ilm. They desired to end up that they have been in no crucial method against the {ilm of the traditionists, yet so one can justify their makes an attempt at delivering an alternative choice to traditionist and rationalist theology, they felt they'd to end up that this substitute was once no much less of an {ilm than what used to be performed by means of the opposite part. For this used to be the age of technology, the age within which systematic wisdom in a wide selection of truly deÀned Àelds turned the dominant kind of expression for Muslim highbrow aspirations 116 117 118 Cf.

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