The Expeditions is one of many oldest biographies of the Prophet Muhammad to outlive into the fashionable period. Its fundamental writer, Ma'mar ibn Rashid (714-770 AD/96-153 AH), was once a admired pupil from Basra in southern Iraq who was once respected for his studying in prophetic traditions, Islamic legislation, and the translation of the Qur'an. This interesting foundational seminal paintings comprises tales passed down by means of Ma'mar to his such a lot well-liked student, 'Abd al-Razzaq of Sanaa, pertaining to Muhammad’s youth and prophetic profession in addition to the adventures and tribulations of his earliest fans in the course of their conquest of the close to East.
Edited from a sole surviving manuscript, the Arabic textual content bargains a number of stronger readings over these of earlier variations, together with certain notes at the text’s transmission and variations as present in later works. This new translation, which renders the unique into readable, glossy English for the 1st time, is observed through a variety of annotations elucidating the cultural, spiritual and historic contexts of the occasions and contributors defined inside its pages.
The Expeditions represents a massive testimony to the earliest Muslims’ reminiscence of the lives of Muhammad and his partners, and is an essential textual content for gaining perception into the historic biography of either the Prophet and the increase of the Islamic empire.
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Khubayb ibn ʿAdī, Zayd ibn Dathinnah, and one other guy survived, and the Liḥyānīs provided them their oath and pledge of protection in the event that they surrendered. hence they surrendered. whilst the Liḥyānīs had seized them, they free their bowstrings and used them to tie the lads up. The 3rd guy along Khubayb and Zayd acknowledged, “This is barely the 1st act of treachery. ” He refused to accompany his captors, in order that they dragged him. He nonetheless refused to stick to them, asserting, “My lot is with the slain. ” in order that they beheaded him and trigger with Khubayb ibn ʿAdī and Zayd ibn Dathinnah, whom they offered as slaves in Mecca. The sons of al-Ḥārith ibn ʿĀmir ibn Nawfal bought Khubayb simply because he five. 1. three had killed their father al-Ḥārith on the conflict of Badr. He remained with them as a captive till that they had all agreed to kill him. whereas captive, Khubayb requested to borrow a razor from one in every of al-Ḥārith’s daughters for trimming his pubic hair,89 and he or she loaned him one. She stated, “I had misplaced tune of 1 of my boys, sixty one sixty one �� �� � � ����� � ���� �� �� ���� �� ���� ���� � � � َو� ������������ �������� � � ��� ��� ��� ��� � � �� �� ��� ��ن � أ أ ق � أت خ ش ن أ أ ن ش ا ّٰ ق ا � ��ف� �ت ق � أ ُ ي� � ن� � �ق ت���ل�ه؟ �م�ا ك� � ت� �ل�� ن� � �ف���ع�ل إ� � ���� ء ا لله� �� . ل :ك� ��ا �ل����� � � : ��ا ن�� ت� � � ��و�ل� :م�ا ر� ��ي ت� أ أ ّ �ذ ث �ق � �أ �ًا خ �ًا � ن خ �ب�ي���� �� . لق��د ر�ي��ت��ه ��� �ك� � طف� �ع�ن ب�� ،و�م�ا ب��م�� �ك���ة �ي ��و�مئ�� ���مر�ة � �و �نّ�ه ���ل �م ن� � �� � ي ��س�ي ر ��ي ر م� ب إ ّ ٰ � � ا � ن ا ز ق زق ّ ّ مو��ث�ق ��ف� ا ��ل � ���ا � إ� �ل� ر��� ر���ه ا لله إ� �ي�ا ه. ح��د�ي��د� . و�م� ك �ل � � ي ّ أ ّ �ث ّ خ ��عت�� ن � . ث�ّ ن ��ل ��عت��� ن �� . ف �ص��ل� رك� ح � ��لي��ق�ت���ل�وه . ف���ق��ا ��ل :د �ع�و�ن� � �ص��ل� رك� � � � � �رج�� ي� ي� �وا �ب�ه �م� ا �ر ي م ى � ي� م � ت � ز ُت �ف� ن أ ق ا � م � � ا أ ن ت أ نّ � ّ � � ّ ن ز ا ا ن ن ن ن ت � � � �� �ل� :ل�و �ل� � � �ر � او � � �م� ب�� �ج� �م� ا�لم�و�� ،ل�د � . ك� �� � � �و�ل �م� ��س� ا �لرك�ع���ي� �ع��د �ث � � ّ ي أ ع � قا � ا � �لق�ت��� �ه�و ّ� . ق��ا �ل :ا �ل�� له�ّ � � �ص�ه� �ع�د دًا! �� �ل: حِ� � ل م م م ُ أُ ْ َ لَ أَ ّ �شَ قّ َ َ ��َ ْ تُ �أبَا �� ���ا نَ ّٰلله ��َم�ْصَ ح��ْ نَ � ��قتَ���ُ �ُم��ْ�سل��مً� ا � � � ل ع � � � �� � � � ع ك � � � � � � ِ رِ ي� ِ �ول��س� ِي� ِ ي � ل �ى ي ِ � � َ نْ َ � َ �أْ ُ َ ا ْ َ لَ ٍ أَ ْ َ ا � � ْ �ُ زَّ �َ ذ� ��ل�� َك ��ف �ذَا ت � الِ�إ �ل�ِه � �و � ي����ش� ��ي��ب� ِرك �ع��� � � ��ص� �ِل ���ِش�� �لٍو �م�م � و و ِ ِي� ِ َ� ى إِ ِع فق �ث�ّ ق��ا � إ� ��لي��ه �ع�ق�ب���ة ب� ن ا ��ل � ح�ا ر ث� ����ت���ل�ه. � م م �ف ن ��ا ن �ق ت � ظ � قا � ق � �ت ش ث ش ع �����مً�ا ن �ؤ ا �� �ل� � :بو��ع� �ري���� إ� �ل�ى �ع� �ص�م �لي �� � � او ب�����ي�ء �م� ج���س�ده ي���عر�� �و�ه� ،وك�� � ���ل ي � ف � �ّ ٰ ن ��ظ � ف ح�مت��ه �م ن ��س��له � ،فل�� � ��ق � � �م� � ع �� �م�ا ��ئ �ه� � .