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By Ayatullah Murtadha Mutahhari - XKP

One of the basic matters handled within the Nahj al-balaghah pertains to theological and metaphysical difficulties. In all, there are approximately 40 areas within the sermons, letters, and aphorisms the place those issues are discussed.

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A few others have attempted to track the beginning of this distinction [between the Shi'i and the Sunni intellects] within the idea of "the Shi'ite nation". in line with them, because the Persians are Shi'ite and the Shi'ah are Persian, and because the Persians are a individuals with a philosophical temperament, keen on the intricacies of hypothesis and natural proposal, with assistance from their wealthy and powerful philosophical culture, they succeeded in elevating the extent of Shi'a inspiration and gave it an Islamic color. Bertrand Russell, in A background of Western Philosophy, expresses an analogous view according to the above-mentioned argument. together with his routine or inherent impoliteness he places forth this opinion. in spite of the fact that, Russell lacks the potential of vindicating his declare, considering the fact that he was once completely unexpected with Islamic philosophy and essentially knew not anything approximately it. He was once no longer certified to specific any expert opinion in regards to the origins of Shi'ah idea and its resources. Our rejoinder to the upholders of this view is: firstly, no longer all Shi'ah have been Iranian, nor all Iranians have been Shi'ah. have been Muhammad ibn Ya'qub al-Kulayni, Muhammad ibn 'Ali ibn al-Husayn ibn Babawayh al- Qummi and Muhammad ibn Abi Talib al-Mazandarani Persian, yet now not Muhammad ibn Isma'il al-Bukhari, Abu Dawud al-Sijistani and Muslim ibn Hajjaj al-Nishaburi? used to be al-Sayyid al-Radi, the compiler of the Nahj al-balaghah, of Persian foundation? have been the Fatimids of Egypt of Persian descent? Why used to be philosophic notion revived in Egypt with the inception of Fatimid rule and why did it decline with their fall? And why was once it revived later, after a protracted period, purely during the effect of an Iranian Shi'ah? in reality that the Imams of the Ahl al-Bayt ('a) have been the only dynamic strength in the back of this mode of pondering and this type of process. All students of the Ahl al-Sunnah admit that one of the Prophet's partners merely 'Ali ('a) was once a guy of philosophic knowledge, who had an altogether precise rational strategy. Abu 'Ali ibn Sina is quoted as having remarked: 'Ali's place one of the partners of Muhammad (S), used to be that of the "rational" in the course of the "corporeal. " evidently, the highbrow process of the fans of such an Imam as 'Ali ('a) might be anticipated to be considerably varied from that of these who others. furthermore, Ahmad Amin and others were prone to one other comparable false impression. They exhibit doubts in regards to the authenticity of ascription of such philosophic statements [as exist within the Nahj al-balaghah ] to 'Ali ('a). they are saying that the Arabs weren't conversant in such type of matters and such arguments and problematic analyses as are present in the Nahj al-balaghah earlier than their acquaintance with Greek philosophy, and obviously, based on them, those discourses must have been composed through a few later students acquainted with Greek philosophy, and have been attributed to Imam 'Ali ibn Abi Talib ('a). We additionally settle for that the Arabs weren't accustomed to such principles and notions. not just the Arabs, the non-Arabs, too, weren't familiar with them, nor have been these notions known to the Greeks and Greek philosophy.

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